“When I started learning the cello, I fell in love with the instrument because it seemed like a voice - my voice.” - Mstislav Rostropovich
Salvatore Lanzetti (born around 1710 in Naples; died around 1780 in Turin ) was an Italian cellist and composer of late baroque and pre-classical music. Little is known of his life, surprisingly as he seemed to have been one of the earliest cello virtuosi of the 18th century.
Lanzetti was a student of the Conservatory in Naples, and he devoted himself to the cello and composition. He was in service to the court chapel in Lucca and to Vittorio Amedeo II in Turin. The post at Turin was maintained by Lanzetti even though he made extensive tours in Europe. He was in London in the 1730s and may have lived there until 1754. While in London Lanzetti was able to increase the popularity of his instrument.
By 1760 he was once again in Turin and a member of the chapel until his death. Before Boccherini, Lanzetti began to establish the cello as a solo instrument. In his compositions the cello was not merely relegated to the bass line and required the touch of a virtuoso particularly in the bowing demands. From the fruit of his labours the cello sonata took root. Lanzetti almost brought the level of cello music to that of the violin concerto. His works were arranged in three movements with an intense slow secondary movement and well-developed ideas in the first and third movements.
Lanzetti must have been one of the great cello virtuosi of his time. This conclusion is necessary, given the degree of difficulty of his works in the middle of the 18th century, with multi-finger technique, a wide range of sounds, complicated bow-movements, thumb movements, large jumps and other difficult techniques.
Lanzetti’s most well-known publications are his six sonata collections for cello and basso continuo (Opus II, transcribed for Opus I for flute) and a method published in Amsterdam in 1779: “Principles de l’application du Violoncelle par tous les Tons”. Other sonatas are preserved in manuscript.
Here are Balázs Máté (Baroque Cello), Dénes Karasszon (Baroque Cello), and Jeremy Joseph (Harpsichord, Organ) playing six cello sonatas by Lanzetti: Sonata No. 5 in D major 0:00 Sonata No. 1 in G major 17:14 Sonata No. 2 in A minor 29:51 Sonata No. 3 in F major 41:51 Sonata No. 4 in C major 52:16 Sonata No. 6 in E minor 1:05:05
“Love is like a beautiful flower, which I may not touch, but whose fragrance makes the garden a place of delight just the same.” - Helen Keller
Cicely or sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata) is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the celery family Apiaceae. It is one of two accepted species in the genus Myrrhis. The genus name Myrrhis derives from the Greek word “myrrhis” [μυρρίς], an aromatic oil from Asia with a characteristic smell. The Latin species name odorata means scented. All parts of the plant are fragrant.
Myrrhis odorata is a tall herbaceous perennial plant growing to 2 m tall, depending on circumstances. The leaves are fern-like, 2-4-pinnate, finely divided, feathery, up to 50 cm long, with whitish patches near the rachis. The plant is softly hairy and smells strongly of aniseed when crushed. The flowers are creamy-white, about 2–4 mm across, produced in large umbels. The flowering period extends from May to June. The fruits are slender, 15–25 mm long and 3–4 mm broad.
Sweet cicely is native to mountains of southern and central Europe, from the Pyrenees to the Caucasus. It has been introduced and naturalised elsewhere in cultivated areas, woodland margins, roadside verges, river banks and grassland. The herb loves partial shade and will happily grow under trees, and in damp, though not waterlogged, spots. Sow in autumn (the seed needs winter cold to germinate). Sweet cicely is not one to grow permanently in pots as it has a long root that likes to burrow down.
In fertile soils it grows readily from seed, and may be increased by division in spring or autumn. Its leaves are used as a herb, either raw or cooked, with a rather strong taste reminiscent of anise. The roots and seeds also are edible. Additionally, it has a history of use as a medicinal herb. Like its relatives anise, fennel, and caraway, it can also be used to flavour akvavit. Its essential oils are dominated by anethole.
If you aren’t immediately keen on the flavour of sweet cicely, give it time as it can grow on you. The herb also has two other fine qualities: It reduces the acidity of other ingredients, giving the sensation of sweetening, which means that when adding sweet cicely to rhubarb, gooseberries and cooking apples you can use less sugar than usual. It also complements other herbs when used in combination, bringing out their flavour, while remaining in the background itself. You definitely need to experiment with this herb!
Sweet cicely is a prolific self-seeder, which is either a delightful bonus or a nuisance depending on your situation and disposition – if the latter, just pick off the large seeds as they form: They are useful chopped into home-made fudge or crumble topping, or may be used in baking much like aniseed is.
In the language of flowers, a sprig of sweet cicely means: “You are humble but your presence is commanding”. A flowering sprig implies: “Your sweet nature matches your beauty.”
“It is hard to contend against one’s heart’s desire; for whatever it wishes to have it buys at the cost of soul.” - Heraclitus
I am nearly done with my surfeit of work and things are beginning to return to normal – a slightly more relaxed day-to-day existence. I may think of other things again and what better than to participate in the Poets United Midweek Motif this week, which states: “Write a new poem capturing the details of an outdoor scene or day in April.” Here is my contribution:
April in the Antipodes
My heart stirs silently like a swollen seed, Its thirst slaked after a long Winter’s rains. Green vibrant juices begin to flow Under a cracking husk. I feel within me rise Spring’s viridian sap; Life awakens yet again, The seed must germinate, the flower must bloom. The clock within has struck the hour.
But all the Spring that I conceal within Each April dies as Antipodean moon Wanes, waxes cold, looking at me Up in the sky fixed upended.
The burgeoning cotyledons every April will unfurl, In cold grey Autumn skies and chilling winds They find no shelter, no encouragement. The first, emerald-green leaves will wither, As yet another seedling lies shrivelled up, yellow, unfulfilled. Sleep yet again my Northern April, As Winter, Winter follows here in the South, Spring merely poetic licence...
a country where very few things begin, but many things end.” - F. ScottFitzgerald
Welcome to the Travel Tuesday meme! Join me every Tuesday and showcase your creativity in photography, painting and drawing, music, poetry, creative writing or a plain old natter about Travel.
There is only one simple rule: Link your own creative work about some aspect of travel and share it with the rest of us. Please use this meme for your creative endeavours only.
Do not use this meme to advertise your products or services as any links or comments by advertisers will be removed immediately.
Basel (also Basle; French:
Bâle; Italian: Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river
Rhine. Basel is Switzerland’s third-most-populous city (after Zürich and
Geneva) with about 175,000 inhabitants. Located where the Swiss, French and
German borders meet, Basel also has suburbs in France and Germany. In 2014, the
Basel agglomeration was the third largest in Switzerland with a population of
537,100 in 74 municipalities in Switzerland and an additional 53 in neighbouring
countries (municipal count as of 2000).
language of Basel is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main
spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. The
city is known for its various internationally renowned museums, ranging from
the Kunstmuseum, the first collection of art accessible to the public in
Europe, to the Fondation Beyeler (located in Riehen), and its centuries long
commitment to Humanism, offering a safe haven among others to Erasmus of
Rotterdam, the Holbein family, and more recently also to Hermann Hesse and Karl
Basel has been
the seat of a Prince-Bishopric since the 11th century, and joined the Swiss
Confederacy in 1501. The city has been a commercial hub and important cultural
centre since the Renaissance, and has emerged as a centre for the chemical and
pharmaceutical industry in the 20th century. It hosts the oldest university of
the Swiss Confederation (1460).
Basel has often
been the site of peace negotiations and other international meetings. The
Treaty of Basel (1499) ended the Swabian War. Two years later Basel joined the
Swiss Confederation. The Peace of Basel in 1795 between the French Republic and
Prussia and Spain ended the First Coalition against France during the French
Revolutionary Wars. In more recent times, the World Zionist Organization held
its first congress in Basel on 3 September 1897. Because of the Balkan Wars,
the Second International held an extraordinary congress at Basel in 1912. In
1989, the Basel Convention was opened for signature with the aim of preventing
the export of hazardous waste from wealthy to developing nations for disposal.
“We should honour
Mother Earth with gratitude; otherwise our spirituality may become
hypocritical.” - Radhanath Swami
Isis (original Egyptian
pronunciation more likely “Aset” or “Iset”) is a goddess from the polytheistic
pantheon of Egypt. She was first worshiped in ancient Egyptian religion, and
later her worship spread throughout the Roman Empire and the greater Graeco-Roman
world. Isis is still widely worshiped by many pagans today in diverse religious
contexts; including a number of distinct pagan religions, the modern Goddess movement,
and interfaith organisations such as the Fellowship of Isis.
In ancient Egypt
Isis was worshipped as the ideal mother and wife as well as the patroness of
nature and magic. She was the friend of slaves, sinners, artisans and the
downtrodden, but she also listened to the prayers of the wealthy, maidens,
aristocrats and rulers. Isis is often depicted as the mother of Horus, the
falcon-headed deity associated with king and kingship (although in some
traditions Horus’s mother was Hathor). Isis is also known as protector of the
dead and goddess of children.
The name Isis
means “throne”. Her headdress is a throne. As the personification of the
throne, she was an important representation of the pharaoh’s power. The pharaoh
was depicted as her child, who sat on the throne she provided. Her cult was
popular throughout Egypt, but her most important temples were at Behbeit El
Hagar in the Nile delta, and, beginning in the reign with Nectanebo I (380–362
BCE), in the sumptuous island temple complex of Philae
in Upper Egypt. In the typical form of her myth, Isis was the first daughter of
Geb, god of the Earth, and Nut, goddess of the Sky, and she was born on the fourth
She married her
brother, Osiris, and she conceived Horus with him. Isis was instrumental in the
resurrection of Osiris when he was murdered by Set. Using her magical skills,
she restored his body to life after having gathered the body parts that had
been strewn about the earth by Set. This myth became very important during the
Graeco-Roman period. For example, it was believed that the Nile River flooded
every year because of the tears of sorrow, which Isis wept for Osiris. Osiris’s
death and rebirth was relived each year through rituals. The worship of Isis
eventually spread throughout the Graeco-Roman world, continuing until the
suppression of paganism in the Christian era. The popular motif of Isis
suckling her son Horus, however, lived on in a Christianised context as the
popular image of Mary suckling her infant son Jesus from the fifth century
typically took place within an Iseum. In Egypt, Isis would have received the
same sort of rituals as other Egyptian Deities, including daily offerings. She
was served by both priests and priestesses throughout the history of her cult.
By the Graeco-Roman era, the majority of her priests and priestesses had a
reputation for wisdom and healing, and were said to have other special powers,
including dream interpretation and the ability to control the weather, which
they did by braiding or not combing their hair. The latter was believed because
the Egyptians considered knots to have magical powers. The cult of Isis and
Osiris continued at Philae up until the 450s CE, long after the imperial
decrees of the late 4th century that ordered the closing of temples to pagan
gods. Philae was the last major ancient Egyptian temple to be closed.
I have been blogging daily on this platform for several years now. It is surprising that I have persisted as the world is changing and "microblogging" is now the norm. I blog to amuse myself, make comment on current affairs, externalise some of my creativity, keep notes on things that interest me, learn something new and to surprise myself with things that I discover about this wonderful, and sometimes crazy, world we live in.
I sometimes get the impression that I am on a soapbox delivering a monologue, so your comments are welcome.